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Most common HSK characters PRC's standard

HSK 1 character list

HSK (Hànyǔ Shuǐpíng Kǎoshì; 汉语水平考试), translated as Chinese Proficiency Test or Chinese Standard Exam, is China's standardized exam for non-native speakers that tests and rates Chinese language proficiency.

The test consists of 6 levels and list of words that need to be known is provided for each level. No character lists are provided separately, therefore the characters presented on this page were derived from these word lists.

Show: all HSK characters | HSK 1 | HSK 2 | HSK 3 | HSK 4 | HSK 5 | HSK 6

Please be aware that the character lists for HSK levels provided on this website are not cumulative (contain only new characters). Therefore if you for example prepare for HSK level 4, you should not only learn the characters for level 4, but also for previous levels (1, 2 and 3).

174 characters
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PinyinDefinitionRadicalStroke countHSK levelGeneral Standard#Frequency rank
depossessive, adjectival suffix 106.38111551
one; a, an; alone 1.01100012
shìindeed, yes, right; to be; demonstrative pronoun, this, that 72.59114793
no, not; un-; negative prefix 1.34100914
leto finish; particle of completed action 6.12100175
zàibe at, in, on; consist in, rest 32.36103886
rénman; people; mankind; someone else 9.02100107
yǒuhave, own, possess; exist 74.26103908
our, us, i, me, my, we 62.37107619
other, another; he, she, it 9.351027710
zhèthis, the, here 162.471083711
numerary adjunct, piece; single 2.231004512
menadjunct pronoun indicate plural 9.351027313
zhōngcentral; center, middle; in the midst of; hit (target); attain 2.341011314
láicome, coming; return, returning 75.371070715
shàngtop; superior, highest; go up, send up 1.231003616
big, great, vast, large, high 37.031003217
harmony, peace; peaceful, calm 30.581113119
guónation, country, nation-state 31.581108120
shuōspeak, say, talk; scold, upbraid 149.791171724
shítime, season; era, age, period 72.371071725
chūgo out, send out; stand; produce 17.351033028
huìassemble, meet together; meeting 9.461048629
you, second person pronoun 9.571078232
duìcorrect, right; facing, opposed 41.251034133
shēnglife, living, lifetime; birth 100.051026334
néngto be able; can, permitted to; ability 130.6101214635
zioffspring, child; fruit, seed of; 1st terrestrial branch 39.031006437
that, that one, those 163.461056438
xiàunder, underneath, below; down; inferior; bring down 1.231003042
nián 51.361044445
hòuqueen, empress, sovereign; (simp. for ) behind, rear, after 30.361048248
zuòmake; work; compose, write; act, perform 9.571077749
unit of distance; village; lane 166.071072150
jiāhouse, home, residence; family 40.7101209956
duōmuch, many; more than, over 36.361050761
meinterrogative particle; repetition of a tune small; tender丿 4.231004863
go away, leave, depart 28.351020464
xuélearning, knowledge; school 39.581127366
dōumetropolis, capital; all, the whole; elegant, refined 163.9101180168
tóngsame, similar; together with 30.361042769
xiànappear, manifest, become visible 96.481094970
méinot, have not, none; drown, sink 85.471086772
miànface; surface; plane; side, dimension 176.091145574
rise, stand up; go up; begin 156.3101178975
kànlook, see; examine, scrutinize 109.491153976
tiānsky, heaven; god, celestial 37.141007878
fēndivide; small unit of time etc. 18.241014679
hǎogood, excellent, fine; well 38.361058182
xiǎosmall, tiny, insignificant 42.031003783
xiēlittle, few; rather, somewhat 7.581106986
yàngshape, form, pattern, style 75.6101184988
she, her 38.361058291
běnroot, origin, source; basis 75.151021092
qiánin front, forward; preceding 18.791165093
kāiopen; initiate, begin, start 55.141007694
xiǎngthink, speculate, plan, consider 61.9131286799
desk; machine; moment 75.2610377111
shíten, tenth; complete; perfect 24.0210004112
gōnglabor, work; worker, laborer 48.0310026118
míngbright, light, brilliant; clear 72.4811087121
sānthree 1.2310022125
guānfrontier pass; close; relation 12.4610532127
diǎndot, speck, spot; point, degree 86.5911469128
gāohigh, tall; lofty, elevated 189.01012021134
hěnvery, quite, much 60.6911584138
jiànsee, observe, behold; perceive 147.0410118153
shénfile of ten soldiers; mixed, miscellaneous 9.2410129156
èrtwo; twice 7.0210003157
guǒfruit; result 75.4811079165
西west(ern); westward, occident 146.0610384167
yuèmoon; month; KangXi radical 74 74.0410150169
huàspeech, talk, language; dialect 149.6811296170
huíreturn, turn around; a time 31.3610438172
lǎoold, aged; experienced 125.0610360179
xiānfirst, former, previous 10.4610446188
érson, child; KangXi radical 10 10.0210012192
dōngeast, eastern, eastward 1.4510225194
shuǐwater, liquid, lotion, juice 85.0410117202
míngname, rank, title, position 30.3610505203
small table 16.0210014211
rènrecognize, know, understand 149.2410171213
system; line, link, connection 120.1710825216
steam, vapor; KangXi radical 84 84.0410122217
strike, hit, beat; fight; attack 64.2510196223
woman, girl; feminine; rad. 38 38.0310067224
four 31.2510262226
diànelectricity; electric; lightning 73.1510242230
shǎofew, less, inadequate 42.1410110233
tàivery, too, much; big; extreme 37.1410093240
zàiagain, twice, re- 13.4610382242
zuòwork, make; act 9.91112324246
period of time; date; time limit 74.81212542253
five; surname 7.2410088279
shūbook, letter, document; writings 2.3410188282
tīnghear; understand; obey, comply 30.4710739285
zhùreside, live at, dwell, lodge; stop 9.5710783309
běinorth; northern; northward 21.3510227315
juéto wake up from sleep; conscious 147.5911694327
shīteacher, master, specialist 50.3610413333

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HSK level - whether character appears on the Hanyu Shuiping Kaoshi (Chinese Proficiency Test) word list and on what level.
General Standard# - index number in the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters.
Frequency rank - based on Jun Da's Modern Chinese Character Frequency List.

This website combine data from several databases (notably: Unihan, CC-CEDICT). Please be aware that some information presented may be incorrect, especially for very rare Chinese characters. We take no responsibility for incorrect data, though we constantly try to make the website as accurate as possible.

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